Volodymyr Zelenskiy, president of Ukraine, has been actively promoting his 10-point peace plan, talking about it with Joe Biden, among other world leaders, and urging them to hold a Global Peace Summit based on it.
At a summit of the Group of 20 major economies in November, Zelenskiy first revealed his peace formula.
1. Radiation and nuclear safety, with a focus on reestablishing security around Zaporizhzhia, a nuclear power plant in Ukraine that is currently under Russian occupation.
2. The protection and assurance of Ukraine’s grain exports to the world’s poorest countries.
3. Energy security, with a focus on price caps on Russian energy resources and assistance in rebuilding Ukraine’s power infrastructure, which has been damaged to a large extent by Russian attacks.
4. The release of all prisoners and deportees, including children sent to Russia as detainees during wartime.
5. Zelenskiy said that restoring Ukraine’s territorial integrity and having Russia reaffirm it in accordance with the U.N. Charter are “not up for negotiations.”
6. The restoration of Ukraine’s state borders with Russia, as well as the withdrawal of Russian forces and an end to hostilities
7. Justice, which includes the creation of a special court to try Russian war criminals.
9. Conflict deescalation and the development of security infrastructure in the Euro-Atlantic region, including guarantees for Ukraine
10. Proof of the end of the war, including a document that all parties involved have signed.
Zelenskiy proposed a wintertime Global Peace Summit that would concentrate on the peace plan “as a whole or some specific points in particular” in December, pleading with the G-7 leaders to support his idea.
Zelenskiy’s peace proposal was rejected by Russia this month, and Moscow reiterated on Tuesday that it would not cede any territory it had seized through coercion, which it claims to be a fifth of Ukraine.
Biden, French President Emmanuel Macron, and India’s Prime Minister Narendra Modi, whose nation has assumed the G20 presidency, are among the leaders to whom Zelenskiy has presented his plan.
With Washington at the helm, the Western world has poured billions of dollars into Ukraine’s military assistance, and nations have rushed to assist Kiev with demining and repairing its power infrastructure.
However, reactions to Zelenskiy’s peace initiative and suggested peace summit have been more circumspect.
The only public remarks made by Biden during Zelenskiy’s visit to Washington on December 22 were that he and Zelenskiy “share the exact same vision” for peace and that the US is committed to ensuring that Ukraine can defend itself.
According to the G7 leaders, establishing peace in Ukraine “in accordance with its rights enshrined in the U.N. Charter” was a priority.
There aren’t many chances for peace negotiations in the near future, according to U.N. Secretary-General Antonio Guterres.